Trust is the new currency when it comes to digital technology
Virtual private networks – VPNs – are point-to-point connections across a private or public network, such as the Internet. A VPN client uses special TCP/IP or UDP-based protocols, called tunneling protocols, to make a virtual call to a virtual port on a VPN server. In a typical VPN deployment, a client initiates a virtual point-to-point connection to a remote access server over the Internet. The remote access server answers the call, authenticates the caller, and transfers data between the VPN client and the organization's private network.
There are many options for VPN clients. In Windows and macOS there is built-in plug-in to connect. This guide focuses on the Windows and macOS platform clients and the features – based on Microsoft and Apple official system support pages – that can be configured to CloudTrust VPN Edge, otherwise known as Remote Network Connection™ IKEv2/IPsec Gateway. Learn more...
A virtual private network – VPN – connection gives you a more secure connection to your network and the internet.
Create a new connection to join your VPN. To get started, select the Start button, and then select Settings > Network & Internet > VPN, and then select Add a VPN connection.
Follow these steps to enter info you get from your VPN service. This becomes your VPN profile.
Now that you have a VPN profile, you're ready to connect.
Choose from additional settings or edit the VPN connection info.
Click to open Windows VPN Settings
Sample IKEv2 PowerShell configuration profile for Windows deviceThis example imports the certificate from the file into the root store of the Local Machine and setup a VPN connection to CloudTrust VPN Edge services. The cipher suites that are CloudTrust VPN Edge services used here are selected to ensure the widest range of compatibility across Windows, macOS, iOS, Android, and Linux clients.
To create IKEv2 PowerShell configuration profile for Windows device, save the sample profile content to PowerShell file with .ps1 extension – for example: edge.cloudtrust.ps1
CloudTrust VPN Edge certificates
X.509 certificates to import into a certificate store to use CloudTrust VPN Edge services – the following certificate bundle consists of all certificate plus its attributes.
CloudTrust VPN Edge Root CA.cer
CloudTrust VPN Edge bundle.cer
Whether it's for work or personal use, you can connect to a virtual private network (VPN) on your Windows PC. A VPN connection can help provide a more secure connection to your company's network and the internet, for example, if you're working from a coffee shop or similar public place.
Before you can connect to a VPN, you must have a VPN profile on your PC. You can either create a VPN profile on your own or set up a work account to get a VPN profile from your company.
Create a VPN profile
If you don't have a VPN profile on your Windows PC, you'll need to create one. Before you start:
Connect to a VPN
When you have a VPN profile, you're ready to connect.
When connected, the VPN connection name will display Connected underneath it. To see if you're connected to the VPN while you're doing things on your PC, select the Network icon on the far right of the taskbar, then see if the VPN connection says Connected.
The connection establishment is initialized three times by default – see IKE_SA_INIT sending ethenet packets per second to the VPN server. If the VPN connection fails, it may be necessary to configure the local network, or in some cases it may be possible to fine-tune the VPN configuration of the operating system.
If the L2TP/IPsec VPN server is behind a NAT device, in order to connect external clients through NAT correctly, you have to make some changes to the registry both on the server and client side to allow UDP packet encapsulation for L2TP and NAT-T support in IPsec.
Sometimes it can happen that, if your local network has several Windows computers, you cannot establish more than one simultaneous connection to an external L2TP/IPSec VPN server. If you try to connect to the same VPN server from another computer – with an active VPN tunnel from different device –, error code 809 or 789 will appear.
To connect to a virtual private network (VPN), you need to enter configuration settings in Network preferences. These settings include the VPN server address, account name, and any authentication settings, such as a password or a certificate you received from the network administrator.
If you received a VPN settings file from your network administrator, you can import it to set up your connection. If you didn't, you can enter the settings manually.
Import a VPN settings file
On your Mac, do one of the following:
To export a file, select the service whose settings you want to export, such as a VPN configuration, in the list on the left, click the Action pop-up menu , then choose Export Configurations. Give the configuration file a name, click the Where pop-up menu, then choose where to save it. You can also select to export the user or machine configuration, or both.
Enter VPN settings manually
Select "Show VPN status in menu bar" to use the VPN status icon to connect to the network and switch between VPN services.
To remove the VPN configuration, select the VPN network connection service in the list and click the Remove button .
Set VPN options, such as controlling when VPN disconnects, and turning on verbose logging to capture more log information in a VPN session.
VPN options are available only for the L2TP over IPSec type of VPN connection. (For other types of VPN connections, the options are specified by the VPN server when the VPN connection is negotiated.)
Sample IKEv2 configuration profile for iOS and macOS device
You can use Network preferences to connect to a virtual private network (VPN) on an existing internet connection.